The skin is a seamless organ and damages to it as a result of burns, sores, cuts and scrapes often lead to formations of scars as part of the healing process. Scars can also result from skin conditions like chicken pox and acne or after surgery. This article will discuss scars in more details. Enjoy the reading. Scars are areas of fibrous tissue fibrosis left on the skin after a wound or injury has healed.
Formation of scars scarring if you like is part of the natural healing process. Scars manifest themselves as patches on the skin which can be raised, sunken or give the skin a shrunken appearance.
Scars are produced when the dermis layer of the skin is damaged. If only the epidermis the uppermost layer of the skin is damaged, it is very unlikely that scarring will take place. In addition to depth of the injury, its location also affects the likelihood of scarring and appearance of the scar and so does other factors such as age, gender, genetic makeup, and the time the wound takes to heal.
Keloid scars : These types of scars are the result of excessive production of scar tissues at the site of the wound. In other words, keloid scars are caused by aggressive healing process.
They can be caused by factors such as acne, injury, surgery, and body piercings. They typically stretch beyond the boundaries of the wound. Surgery is usually required to get rid of keloid scars.
How to Best Treat Acne Scars
Steroid injections can also help and so can silicone sheets. A procedure known as Cryotherapy can also be used in cases of smaller keloid scars and this involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze the scar. Dark skinned people are more susceptible to this type of scars. Contracture scars : this types of scars usually the result of skin tightening and shrinking, normally after sustaining a burn.
Contracture scars can restrict movement and may extend deeper into the skin as to affect muscles and nerves. They can stay along for as long as 5 years. Steroids injection is usually administered to reduce inflammation on such scars. Silicone sheets are also often used to treat them. Atrophic scars : Otherwise known as pitted or ice-pick scars, these usually have a sunken appearance and are attributed to conditions such as MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus infection, chicken pox and acne.
Injuries and surgery can as well cause them. They usually result from the loss of underlying structures that support the skin particularly muscles and fat. Of all these, hypertrophic and keloid scars are the most common types of scars. Scars can form both outside e. Some area of the body e. Formation of scars is however an unpredictable phenomenon that varies from one person to another.
Compare them with the scar that found a home on your skin to determine what category it belongs to. The face is the most visible part of the body and when a scar forms on the face, it is usually very conspicuous. Unfortunately the face can get a scar due to a whole range of factors that cause it to sustain a wound s. Injuries to the face often lead to hypertrophic scars but can as well lead to keloid scars. Acne is another common cause of scars on the face.Acne scars come in many shapes, sizes and even colours.
They can be depressed pitted or raised keloid. What they all have in common is that they can be treated, and completely or partially removed from the skin. If you have acne scars, you are not alone.
So you may be wondering, what type of acne scars do I have? Depressed or pitted acne scars are the most common.
The 7 Types Of Scars
They are the result of inflammatory acne, or papulopustular acne. Papulopustular acne are lesions that consist of red blemishes, pimples, papules and pustules zits and larger swollen lesions nodules. Depressed scars as a result of inflammatory acne generally sit on collagen rich scar tissue, which prevents the skin from repairing the indentation.
Hence, the need for acne scar laser therapy. Rolling scars can be broad depressions in the skin, or shallow indentions in the skin. They often have a rough texture and a wavy or rippling appearance and they are the result of damage under the skin. Not to be confused with rolling scars, boxcar scars can appear similar however these scars have steep, defined edges and resemble chicken pox scars. They are quite deep and in many ways, they can resemble the print left on the skin from pushing a finger nail into it.
Gabriella Fabbrocini et al. Ice pick scars are deep and narrow usually less than 2mm across. They often resemble a large, empty pore on the skin and it is these scars that catch the light the most, so they are the most obvious and unfortunately as a result the most difficult to cover up. Raised ace scars are less common than depressed acne scars, but they too are the result of inflammatory acne, as described above.
In most cases, raised acne scars are more obvious than depressed acne scars. They present a tougher challenge in terms of treatment, because instead of healthy skin living on the surface, there is excess scar tissue on the surface.
This manifests itself as a bumpy, uneven surface that catches the light. Keloid scars are common in people with dark skin.
We will never share your email address or personal information. You may opt out at any time. If you are unhappy for any reason, simply return the bottles for a full refund of your product purchase. No questions asked! For customers outside the USAalternatively email your telephone number and best time to call, and we will get back to you. Live Chat is available during normal business hours Monday to Friday, 9am-8pm EST An icon will be available at the bottom of your screen when live chat is online.
Scars Pictures. However unfortunate or uncomfortable the appearance of a scar may feel, scars are created by a natural part of our bodies and their healing abilities and process. Typically, when the deeper layer of the skin known as the dermis is damaged in any way, the body will then regenerate new skin or collagen, a natural protein in the body which tends to be much thicker than the skin which is surrounding the wound.
The end result being the scar itself. Think of a scar as a patch of skin that has grown over a wound. Scars can also appear as the result of the skin stretching significantly faster than typical body growth, for instance when a pregnant woman experiences a rapid growth spurt during her pregnancy.Types Of Acne Scars And How To Treat Them - ClearSkin, Pune - (In HINDI)
This specific type of scar is often seen in burns. Scars can fade over time but usually will not completely disappear, especially on their own. There are various treatments that are designed to minimize a scar but many unnatural methods may result in skin irritation or a costly and painful procedure.
It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to ensure that the skin will have the capability to rejuvenate and heal itself in a natural way.
Scar Picture 1. Scar Picture 2. Scar Picture 3. Scar Picture 4. Scar Picture 5. Email: General enquires and sales - click here to email us Live Chat Live Chat is available during normal business hours Monday to Friday, 9am-8pm EST An icon will be available at the bottom of your screen when live chat is online.If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission.
How this works. Acne affects just about everyone at some point in their lives, sometimes at the most inconvenient times, like before dates, parties, or work presentations. Acne often appears when hair follicles, or pores, on your skin get clogged by oil and dead skin cells, forming comedones.
Then bacteria can start to grow, causing inflammation and red bumps. Acne can be mild, moderate, or severe. Moderate acne tends to cause red bumps and pus-filled pimples. Mild acne causes less irritated whiteheads or blackheads with or without a few red bumps or pustules.
Most of the time, the light red or brown marks left behind by healed acne clear up over time on their own. But severe acne, especially cystic acne, is likely to leave permanent scarring as it heals.
Permanent scarring is more likely to develop if you pick at or squeeze your acne instead of treating it or allowing it to heal. But most people deal with at least a few acne scars at some point in their lives.
The type of acne scarring you can expect depends on the type of acne you develop and how you treat it. Acne scars range in appearance from shallow, mottled depressions, sometimes called rolling scars, to deep and narrow depressions.
These depressions are skin colored but can be darker or pink as well. Atrophic scars are flat, shallow depressions that heal below the top layer of skin.
These scars are commonly caused by severe cystic acne. However, other types of acne can cause them as well. There are three types of atrophic scars:. Boxcar scars are broad, usually box-like depressions with sharply defined edges. Boxcar scars are caused by widespread acne, chickenpoxor varicella, a virus causing a red, itchy rash with blisters.
Boxcar scars most often form on areas like the lower cheeks and jaw, where skin is relatively thick. These scars are common on the cheeks. Ice pick scars tend to be very tough to treat, and often require persistent, aggressive treatment. Unlike atrophic scars, hypertrophic and keloid scars form as raised lumps of scar tissue where the acne once was. This happens when scar tissue builds up, sometimes from previous acne spots.
Hypertrophic scars are the same size as the acne that caused them. Keloid scars create a scar larger than the acne that caused them and grow beyond the sides of the original spot. Hypertrophic and keloid scars are more common on areas such as the jawline, chest, back, and shoulders.
People with a darker skin color are more likely to develop this type of scarring. Once your acne heals, it often leaves behind a darker or discolored patch of skin. This is not a scar, and will resolve on its own with a good sun protection regimen.Acne scars fall into two main categories: those caused by a loss of tissue atrophic scarsand those caused by an excess of tissue hypertrophic scars.
Within these categories, there are four main types of acne scars: ice pick, boxcar, rolling, and keloid scars. Acne scars can be difficult to treat, and always require professional help if you want to see real improvement. Unfortunately, over-the-counter products simply aren't powerful enough to improve anything besides discoloration.
There are procedures, though, that can improve the look and texture of your skin. Your options depend on the type of scarring you have.
Most people have more than one type of scarring on their skin, so you might need a few different treatments to see the best results. Ice pick scars are deep, very narrow scars that extend into the dermis.
Ice pick scars seem to make a small, thin, deep hole into the skin. Some may look like a large, open pore. How They Develop: Ice pick scars develop after an infection from a cyst or other deep inflamed blemish works its way to the surface.
Skin tissue is destroyed, leaving a long, column-like scar. Treating Ice Pick Scars: You have a few options for treating ice pick scars. Punch excision is a common ice pick scar treatment.
The skin is then glued back together to heal. Punch grafting is done for larger, deeper ice pick scars. Just like with punch excision, the scarred tissue is removed from the skin.
The hole is then filled with a graft of skin usually taken from behind the ear. Although both of these procedures themselves can leave small scars, the resulting scars are flat and level with the surrounding skin so they are much less noticeable.
Boxcar scars are round or oval depressions with steep vertical sides. Wider than ice pick scars, boxcar scars give the skin an uneven, pitted appearance. How They Develop: When an inflammatory breakout destroys collagen, the tissue is lost.Active breakouts are frustrating enough, but the scars acne can leave behind can feel downright diabolical.
The good news is that acne scars can be treated. However, before treatment can start you first have to get rid of any acne once and for all since new breakouts can lead to new acne scars. Each type responds to treatment differently, and some treatments are better for particular types than others. Atrophic scars are most common on the face.
A depressed scar sits below the surrounding skin. There are three types of atrophic scars:. These are wide, U-shaped scars that have sharp edges. They can be shallow or deep. The shallower they are, the better they respond to skin resurfacing treatments.
Ice pick scars are narrow, V-shaped scars that can go deep into the skin. They can look like small round or oval holes, like a chickenpox scar. These are the most difficult scars to treat because they can extend far under the surface of the skin. These are wide depressions that typically have rounded edges and an irregular, rolling appearance. These scars are most common with chest and back acne. They stand above the surface of the surrounding skin and are caused by too much collagen during healing.
The purple, red, or brown marks will fade over a few months on their own. They can help you determine the best method to reduce the appearance of your scars and also make sure that the marks on your skin are actually scars and not another condition. Alpha hydroxy acids AHAs are often found in products made to treat acne since they help to remove dead skin and prevent clogged pores. Even better, AHAs can also help make acne scars appear less noticeable. The mild acid exfoliates the outer layer of the skin to help remove discoloration and rough skin.
Shop for: Products containing alpha hydroxy acids. A small study found that dermatologist-performed lactic acid peels done once every two weeks for three months improved the texture, appearance, and pigmentation of the skin and lightened acne scars.
There are countless peelsserums, and ointments with lactic acid, but you can also use diluted apple cider vinegar as a toner or spot treatment thanks to its natural lactic acid. Shop for: Products containing lactic acid. Topical retinoids are another acne treatment with scar-smoothing benefits. However, they can also make your skin especially sensitive to the sun.
Always wear sunscreen daily when using anything that contains retinoids. You can find creams and serums with retinoids over the counter, but your healthcare provider can also prescribe you higher concentrations. Look for products that list retinol as one of the active ingredients. Shop for: Products containing retinol. Salicylic acid clears pores, reduces swelling and rednessand exfoliates the skin when applied topically. You can add products with salicylic acid into your daily routine or your skin care specialist may use it for less frequent chemical peels.
It might take a few weeks to see a difference when using salicylic acid. It can also cause dryness or irritation. You may need to use the product less often or try spot treating if you have sensitive skin. Shop for: Products containing salicylic acid.
Yes, really. Sun exposure can darken scars or make them more noticeable. Shop for: Sunscreen to protect your skin.The skin has an amazing ability to heal, but it is not always perfect. Any break in the skin, including a surgical incision, can cause a scar. Apart from normal skin healing, there are three main types of scars that can occur on the skin: atrophic, hypertrophic, and keloids.
Arophic scars are also known as papyraceous or cigarette-paper scars since they are as thin as paper. Instead of normal, plump, healthy tissue forming over a break in the skin, arophic scars cause a depression in the skin. Collagen, which is a primary protein in the skin that gives it resilience and fullness, is damaged or missing in atrophic scars.
While these scars can occur after surgical incisions, most people will experience atrophic scars after a case of cystic acne. In many respects, hypertrophic scars can be thought of as the opposite of atrophic scars. Hypertrophic scars are scars in which the borders of the cut are higher than they should be.
Hypertrophic scars have slightly raised borders because, as a reaction to damage, too much collagen is created in and around the cut. In most cases, the collagen in a hypertrophic scar or in hypertrophic acne will go away on its own. Occasionally hypertrophic treatment is required to correct the borders of the scar.
In hypertrophic treatment, the hypertrophic scars are folded under and the skin is sutured together. Alternatively, the hypertrophic scar is cut out completely. A keloid scar is similar to a hypertrophic scar but in the extreme. Keloid acne and keloid scars occur most commonly in people of African descent and, unlike hypertrophic scars, do not usually go away on their own. Unfortunately keloid scar removal can be difficult because the surgical incision used to remove the scar can lead to a keloid itself.
If you have a scar that you would like to change, a plastic surgeon is an excellent resource to learn more about the specific scar type and its treatment. In the cases of keloid scars it is very important to speak with a trained professional to discuss realistic expectations and risks associated with scar removal surgery. List Your Facility. Search GO. List Your Practice. Atrophic scars Arophic scars are also known as papyraceous or cigarette-paper scars since they are as thin as paper.
Hypertrophic scars In many respects, hypertrophic scars can be thought of as the opposite of atrophic scars. Keloid scars A keloid scar is similar to a hypertrophic scar but in the extreme.